In December 2019 the Chinese authorities notified that an epidemic was spreading through their communities. within the following months, it spread to other countries, with cases doubling within days. This virus is 'Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Related Coronavirus 2' that causes the disease called Covid-19 which everyone calls coronavirus.
How Coronavirus Spread
an epidemic is basically just a hull around genetic material and a couple of proteins, arguably not even an animate thing. It can only make more of itself by entering a living cell. Corona may spread via surfaces, but it’s still uncertain how long it can survive on them. Its key way of spreading seems to be droplet infection when people cough, or if you touch someone who’s ill then your face, say rubbing your eyes or nose.
How Coronavirus Infects A Person
The virus starts its journey here, then hitches a ride as a inject its genetic material. The cell, unaware of what’s happening, executes the new instructions, which are simple: copy and reassemble. It fills up with more and more copies of the first virus until it reaches a juncture and receives one last order, self-destruct. The cell kind of melts away, releasing new corona particles able to attack more cells. The amount of infected cells grows exponentially after about 10 days, many-body cells are infected, and billions of viruses swarmed the lungs. The virus has not caused an excessive amount of damage yet, but the corona is now getting to release a true beast on you, your own system. The system, while ther’re to guard you, can be dangerous to yourself and wishes tight regulation. And as immune cells pour into the lungs to fight the virus, Corona infects a number of them and creates confusion. Cells have neither ears nor eyes. They convey mostly via tiny information proteins called cytokines. Nearly every important immune response is controlled by them. Corona causes infected immune cells to overreact and yell bloody murder. During a sense, it puts the system into a fighting frenzy and sends far more soldiers than it should, wasting its resources and causing damage. Two sorts of cells especially wreak havoc. First, neutrophils, which are great at killing stuff, including our cells. As they arrive in their thousands, they pump out enzymes that destroy as many friends as enemies. the opposite important sort of cells that enter a frenzy are killer T-cells, which usually order infected cells to commit controlled suicide. Confused as they’re, they order healthy cells to kill themselves too. The more and more immune cells arrive, the more damage they are doing, and therefore the more healthy lung tissue they kill. This might get so bad that it can cause permanent irreversible damage, that results in lifelong disabilities.
In most cases, the system slowly regains control. It kills the infected cells, intercepts the viruses trying to infect new ones, and cleans up the battlefield. Recovery begins. the bulk of individuals infected by Corona will get through it with relatively mild symptoms. But many cases become severe or maybe critical. we do not know the share because not all cases are identified, but it’s safe to mention that there are tons quite with the flu. In additional severe cases, many epithelial cells have died and with them, the lungs’ protective lining is gone. Meaning that the alveoli - tiny air sacs via which breathing occurs - are often infected by bacteria that are not usually an enormous problem. Patients get pneumonia. Respiration becomes hard or maybe fails, and patients need ventilators to survive. The system has fought at full capacity for weeks and made many antiviral weapons. And as thousands of bacteria rapidly multiply, it’s overwhelmed. They enter the blood and overrun the body; if this happens, death is likely.
Coronavirus Or Flu
Coronavirus is usually compared to the flu, but actually, it’s far more dangerous. While the precise death rate is tough to pin down during an ongoing pandemic, we all know that it’s far more contagious and spreads faster than the flu.
How Coronavirus Would End
There are two futures for an epidemic like Corona: fast and slow. Which future we’ll see depends on how we all react to this outbreak. a quick pandemic will be horrible and price many lives; a slow pandemic won’t be remembered by the history books.
The worst-case scenario for a quick pandemic begins with a rapid rate of infection because there are not any counter measures in situ to slow it down. Why is that this so bad? During a fast pandemic, many of us get sick at an equivalent time. If the numbers get overlarge , health care systems become unable to handle it. There aren’t enough resources, like medical staff or equipment like ventilators, left to help everybody.People will die untreated.And as more health care workers get sick themselves, the capacity of health care systems falls even further. If this becomes the case, then horrible decisions will have to be made about who gets to live and who doesn’t. The number of deaths rises significantly in such a scenario.To avoid this, the world - that means all of us - needs to do what it can to turn this into a slow pandemic.A pandemic is slowed down by the right responses.Especially in the early phase, so that everyone who gets sick can get treatment and there’s no crunch point with overwhelmed hospitals.
What Should We All Do?
Since we don’t have a vaccine for Corona, we have to socially engineer our behaviour, to act like a social vaccine.
This simply means two things:
1. Not getting infected
2. Not infecting others
Although it sounds trivial, the very best thing you can do is to wash your hands. The soap is actually a powerful tool.The corona virus is encased in what is basically a layer of fat; soap breaks that fat apart and leaves it unable to infect you. I it also makes your hands slippery, and with the mechanical motions of washing, viruses are ripped away. To do it properly, wash your hands as if you’ve just cut up some jalapenos and want to put in your contact lenses next. The next thing is social distancing, which is not a pleasant experience, but an agreeable thing to do. This means: no hugging, no handshakes. If you can stay at home, stay at home to protect those who need to be out for society to function.